Sri Lanka Facts

  Country Name conventional long form : Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
conventional short form : Sri Lanka
former : Serendib, Ceylon
Capital Sri Jayawardenepura
Commercial Capital Colombo
Government Sri Lanka, is a free, independent and sovereign nation with a population of 19.5 million (2004 est). Legislative power is exercised by a Parliament, elected by universal franchise on proportional representation basis. A President, who is also elected by the people, exercises executive power including defense. Sri Lanka enjoys a multi party system, and the people vote to elect a new government every six years.
National Flower The “Nil Mahanel” flower, botanically known as “Nympheae Stellata” was declared the
National Flower of Sri Lanka on 26th February 1986.
National Tree The “Na Tree”, botanically known as “Mesua Nagassarium” was adopted as the
National Tree of Sri Lanka on 26 February 1986.
National Bird Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl – Very colorful ground bird, endemic to Sri Lanka is the national bird of
Sri Lanka . Distributed commonly in Sri Lanka 's jungle and dense scrub through out.
Roosts high in trees at nights. Flys up to tree branches when threatened.
Nests in hidden, scraped place on the ground or on a pile of vegetation just off the ground.
Sinharaja is a very good site to watch Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl.
Population 19.5 million
Population density 296 people per sq km
Life expectancy at birth 76.4 female, 71.7 male (2001 est)
Literacy rate 92.5%(2003 est)
Climate Low lands – tropical, average 27°C
Central Hills – cooler, with temperatures dropping to 14°C.
The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July;
while the north-eastern monsoon occurs in the north and east in December and January.
Sri Lanka boasts of a good climate for holiday-makers throughout the year.
Currency Sri Lanka follows decimal currency systilable in the denominations of Rs. 2,10,20,50,100,200,
500,1000 and 2000 in Rupees (Rs.) and cents (Cts.) with 100 cents equal to a rupee.
Currency notes are avaCoins are issued in values of Cts.1,2,5,10, 25 and 50
and Rs.1,2,5 and 10. The intervention currency continuously will be the US Dollar.
Visa Consult your local Sri Lanka embassy, consulate, tourist office or your travel agent.
Working week Sri Lanka works a five-day week, from Monday to Friday.
Business hours Government offices 8.35 a.m. – 4.15 p.m, Monday to Friday
Location An island off the south-eastern cost shores of India,
880 km north of the equator, in the Indian Ocean.
Administrative divisions 8 provinces; Central, North Central, North Eastern, North Western, Sabaragamuwa, Southern,
Uva, Western
Religions Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10%
(2001 census provisional data)
Languages Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
note: English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 10%
of the population
Elevation extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m
Natural resources limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower


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